If you have difficulty opening your bowels you may be suffering with constipation. Constipation is when a person either opens their bowels infrequently, less than once every 3 days, or has to strain at passing stool.
There are many causes of constipation. The commonest is simply poor eating habits. Many people don’t realise it but they are eating a low fibre diet or don’d to enough exercise. Other things to consider are hormonal and central nervous system disorders, pregnancy, use of various medicines, ignoring the urge to have a bowel movement and dehydration. It is also common for women to become constipated at particular times of the month. A woman who has previously given birth may also develop constipation due to injuries sustained during child birth.
Your doctor will take a medical history, perform a physical examination and may order routine or specialised tests to confirm the cause. Some of the tests performed include blood tests, abdominal X-ray, colonoscopy and colonic transit (marker) studies. There are also more sophisticated tests and remarkably simple constipation treatments which can make a very big difference to the symptoms.
Constipation is a common condition and can be treated effectively. There are several constipation treatment options to treat constipation and they include:
Constipation may cause certain complications such as haemorrhoids because of strain; anal fissures which are tears in the skin around anus that may cause bleeding and rectal prolapse where the rectum protrudes into the anus because of strain exerted during defecation.
It may also cause faecal impaction a condition where the hard stool may pack itself inside the intestine and rectum such that pushing does not help in passing the stool.
Although these complications are worrisome several constipation treatment options are available at London Gastroenterology Centre to treat these complications.