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Glossary

Glossary
  • A painful condition that happens when part of your digestive system pokes through an opening in your abdominal muscles.

  • A condition affecting swallowing when the waves of peristalsis or contraction in your throat are absent or disordered.

  • Another name for the entire digestive tract.

  • A condition that can occur after long term acid reflux when the cells lining your oesophagus change.

  • An uncomfortably full or swollen feeling in your abdomen.

  • An investigation using a camera on a flexible tube to examine your large intestine.

  • Infrequent or difficult to pass bowel movements.

  • Loose, watery stools often combined with increased frequency of bowel movements.

  • A medical term for difficulty swallowing.

  • An investigation using a camera on a flexible tube to examine your digestive tract.

  • A procedure conducted alongside endoscopy to remove a tumour or other abnormal tissue from your digestive tract.

  • The flap that covers your windpipe when you are swallowing to prevent food getting into your lungs.

  • A small organ that stores the bile produced by your liver and releases it into your gut to help digest fats.

  • An investigation using a camera on a flexible tube to examine your throat, stomach or small intestine.

  • A condition that occurs when stomach acid frequently rises into your throat, causing pain and discomfort.

  • A common symptom caused by stomach acid rising into your throat, often after overeating. Can be a sign of a more serious condition such as a peptic ulcer or GORD.

  • A general name for conditions like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease that cause inflammation in the gut. Common symptoms include diarrhoea, weight loss, fatigue and cramping. May be related to problems with your immune system attacking healthy tissue.

  • A long term condition that can make you sensitive to certain foods. Symptoms include constipation, diarrhoea, and abdominal cramps.

  • The part of your digestive system where nutrients and water are absorbed. Divided into the small intestine, which is made up of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum, and the large intestine, which includes the cecum, colon and rectum. Also known as the bowel.

  • Yellowing of the eyes and skin caused by high levels of bilirubin in your blood, which could be caused by problems with your liver.

  • A large organ that has many functions related to your digestive system, including the production of bile and the processing of some nutrients.

  • A blood test that can help identify problems with your liver or gallbladder by measuring the levels of certain enzymes and proteins.

  • Laser treatment to remove abnormal cells for conditions like oesophageal cancer and Barrett’s dysplasia.

  • A test to check the strength of the valve that prevents acid escaping from your stomach into your oesophagus.

  • An implant that can open up narrowed sections of the oesophagus.

  • A medical term for the part of your throat leading from your mouth to the stomach. Not to be confused with the trachea or windpipe, which goes to your lungs.

  • An organ that produces digestive enzymes and hormones such as insulin, which affect the way nutrients are processed by your body.

  • A test to check the acidity in your throat caused by reflux. You may be asked to wear a portable monitor or have a BRAVO device put in your oesophagus.

  • A treatment using radio waves to eliminate abnormal cells like those present in Barrett’s oesophagus.

  • Laser treatment to stop bleeding caused by dilated blood vessels in your stomach.